Image from page 64 of “Sunset” (1898)
Image by Net Archive Book Images
Year: 1898 (1890s)
Authors: Southern Pacific Business. Passenger Department
Publisher: [San Francisco, Calif. : Passenger Dept., Southern Pacific Co.] Menlo Park, CA : Sunset Publishing Corporation
Contributing Library: World wide web Archive
Digitizing Sponsor: World wide web Archive
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Text Appearing Prior to Image:
arently changing it, andat the exact same time adding to the seem-ance of the fireplace unit? To discover outhow a lot smaller sized the opening shouldbe, experiment by making use of a big sheet ofcardboard to cover portion of the mouth,till you find the proportion that ef-fectively stops the smoking. (If indoubt as to proportions, send to Wash-ington, D. C, for Farmers BulletinNo. 1230.) An economical and sensible methodis to construct a grate and fender as illus-trated here. The minimum height ofthe grate and fender is 14 inches, and,as the height of the opening in the aver-age fireplace is among 30 and 34inches, this really cuts the openingdown to about a third its original size.Any machine-shop worker can makesuch a grate. The fender is most attrac-tive, produced out of hammered copper andwrought iron if no a single is found whodoes this operate, have a mechanic makeone out of sheet metal. The fender isneeded not only for appears, but in orderto reduce the draft beneath the fire.Becoming loose, it can be simply removed
Text Appearing After Image:
even though 1 cleans out the ashes andsweeps the hearth. The front of the grate is made of% by li/j-inch soft steel. The bottombars of the grate are reduce from I/2 by114-inch bars, and are spaced % inchapart, resting at front and rear on 2 by2-inch angle iron. If the grate is 20inches or more than in depth, it is far better tohave the center supported by anotherangle iron. The center grate bars areleft loose, so that they can be turnedover or replaced in case of warping. Inmost fireplaces the back is narrowerthan the front, in which case the trian-gular sides of the bottom of the grate(see sketch) can normally be made outof a piece of y^ by 6-inch sheet ironcut at an angle. It will be identified veryconvenient to have the grate resting ontwo or a lot more U-shaped legs for slidingit into the fireplace opening, although itcan be supported on bricks. Rivets(five/16-inch size) are utilised and %-inchholes are drilled which should take careof any inaccuracies in lining up theholes. The grate must be set in threeinches fro
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