Fabrication (About)

When employing the term Fabrication in market it refers to the creating of structures, machines and several other forms of equipment. In sector Fabrication refers to the manufacture of things by cutting, shaping and assembling of elements making use of raw materials. Fab shops are small organizations that specialize in constructing components from metal. Machine shops and fabrication shops will extremely usually demand overlapping capabilities, but where the machine shop is a lot more concerned with the machining of parts, the fabrication shops will focus on the metal preparation, welding and the assembling of the elements. A fabrication shop will bid/quote on a job based on the engineering drawings, and if effective will be awarded a contract to construct the solution. Some of the raw components used in fabrication are, tube stock, square stock, plate metal, welding wire and expanded metal.

Other kinds of fabrication can incorporate:

• Fabrication of metal
• Optics fabrication
• Stone Masonry
• Semiconductor fabrication

The optics fabrication approach is a extremely precise method. It is a 4 step method in which a bare substrate is coated with a photo resist, which is then illuminated with UV light by way of a chrome on glass amplitude mask in vacuum speak to with the photo resist coated substrate. When this profile has been developed it can be transferred to the substrate by reactive ion etching.

Stonemasons fabricate stone, and are utilized for examples for architectural stone. Architectural stone, also referred to as fabricated stone starts out as raw stone slabs. The stone is custom shaped by air chisels or profiled by computerized machinery to match the specified designs.

Semiconductor fabrication or semiconductor device fabrication is a procedure used to manufacture chips. It is a multiple step procedure and sequence of chemical and photographic processing methods where electronic circuits are designed on wafer produced of pure semiconductor material. The process takes from six to eight weeks from start to packaging, and is performed in highly specialized facilities.

The fabrication of metal is carried out employing a lot of various strategies and these can contain:

• Welding
• Machining
• Turning
• Milling
• Bending

Fabrication is utilised in a lot of various industries all over the globe as it applies to machines buildings, structures and a lot of other types of equipment.

If you are in require of this service check out our solution pages, they contain a lot of businesses that specialise in this. John Cheesman writes about Fabrication. Visit the Businessmagnet item web page for information and suppliers of Fabrication.

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Red Arrows

Some cool precision engineering services images:

Red Arrows
precision engineering services
Image by afaloon
Airbourne is proud to welcome back the RAF Aerobatic Group, the Red Arrows, one of the world’s premier aerobatic display teams. 2014 marks a special year for the group who will be celebrating their 50th show season.

With a trademark mixture of close formations and precision flying, the Red Arrows have been displaying considering that 1965 and is made up of a team of 120 men and women like pilots, engineers and assistance staff. They represent the speed, agility and precision of the Royal Air Force and the public face of the service, assist in recruiting to the Armed Forces and act as ambassadors for the United Kingdom advertising the very best of British.

A lot of of the present pilots were initial inspired to pursue a career in the military and join the Royal Air Force right after watching the Group in the sky as kids.

To apply for selection to the Red Arrows, pilots need to:
* Have at least 1,500 rapidly jet flying hours
* Have completed a frontline tour
* Be assessed as above average in their flying role

The Red Arrows are renowned for the visual effect of their red, white and blue smoke trails. Smoke also plays an important flight security role also allowing the pilots to judge wind speed and path – enabling them to find other aircraft when different sections of the Team’s formations are a number of miles apart.

Aircraft Specifications

Dimensions
Height: 4m
Length: 11.85m
Wingspan: 9.39m

Efficiency
Maximum speed: 622mph

Powerplant
Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour Mk 861 turbofan

Lumps of Clay – portion three of 4
precision engineering services
Image by andrewtoskin
a photo comic

words by Andrew Toskin writing as Niccolo Florence

photography by hikaru starr

People have been worrying also considerably about ebola. How long till you catch kids?

Copyright 2014. This operate is published under a Inventive Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4. International License. Meaning basically that you are totally free to copy and share this work — supplied you credit us as the source — but not sell it. We are open to the concept of allowing industrial use, even though just ask us very first. Reposts and remixes of this perform should attribute Niccolo Florence and hikaru starr, and link to curefornightmares.com

Text and images were composited with GIMP. Full-size JPEGs are here on Flickr.
You’ll also discover the existing supply files, plus different exported file formats at
the Web Archive.

Here’s the original comic script:

Panel 1: HIK_4769 edit.JPG — silhouetted family members on the
beach, with pier and sunset.

@Title and Byline
&gt Lumps of Clay
words by Niccolo Florence
photography by hikaru starr
curefornightmares.com

caption: I am no one’s father. (But?)

Panel 2: IMG_0587.jpg — extreme close-up on infant Ema’s face.

caption: But unless or until I succumb, it is my duty
to warn you that *children are hazardous.* Stay away
from them anytime feasible.

Panel 3: img_0811.jpg — Ema in a green hoodie in front of
100 dangling wooden placards.

caption: If you hear any pals or sexual partners talk about
how their “biological clocks are ticking,” leave the region
and wash your hands. If they *bring* any youngsters with them,
instantly evacuate all childless adults from the vicinity
and notify the nearby authorities.

Panel 4: IMG_8976.jpg — Ema peeking around the bole of a
tree, with a creepy statue in the background.

caption: Most people are aware of the troubles children
can cause, but a lot of do not understand the full extent
of the danger, and so do not take adequate
precautions. Fortunately, young children do come with a quantity
of warning indicators to ward off potential adult
caretakers.

Panel 5: img_0276 roppongi edit.jpg — Ema’s face covered in red paint(?)

caption: Some of the greater known examples include the
smells and noise…

Panel 6: HIK_1878.jpg — Ema standing on best of a statue,
seeking down at us.

caption: Much less obvious troubles: They are also
codependent, irrational, evil creatures, unable to
negotiate or delay gratification. Anybody who shares a
household with a youngster for lengthy will slave their days
away to slake ever-altering whims.

Panel 7: IMG_0452.jpg — Ema with a blue onesie more than her
head. Almost certainly the cutest in the set.

caption: Children are precision engineered to brainwash
you into loving them.

Panel eight: DSC_4229.jpg — Ema operating to a seesaw in a park.

caption: They will break your things, and break the
bank, and break your dreams, but nothing at all is worse than
the ways they break your heart.

Panel 9: HIK_4865.jpg — Ema observed through a kaleidoscope.

caption: Youngsters are the most insidious of parasites:
The longer they remain with you, the deeper their
tendrils grow into you, cinching your ribs tighter and
tighter around your lungs, slithering into your
nervous system till you can scarcely believe about
anything else — and then they grow up and leave you.

Panel 10: HIK_0131.jpg — Ema at a shrine, pouring water
more than one particular hand.

caption: And the hole they leave behind just bleeds and
bleeds…

Panel 11: HIK_9941.jpg — Ema wearing an auburn wig.

caption: This is the worst part of all, one thing that
even most in-patients who have tested constructive for
youngsters might not understand for years.

Panel 12: HIK_9841.jpg — black and white Ema holding her
hand up to block the camera.

caption: Because you and your child will drive each
other crazy. *Someone’s* life is receiving ruined, and
you will be terrified that it will not be yours.

caption: You’ll get in a stupid fight about making the bed or
some thing and you’ll each begin screaming and throwing
issues, and subsequent issue you know it hits me that I’m
becoming my mother, I’m perpetuating the cycle.

Panel 13: HIK_9310.jpg — Sick Ema in jacket and face mask.

caption: Children are so fragile, so malleable. Soft
lumps of clay that mold to the contours of your hand
no matter how you attempt *not* to mold them.

caption: Following all my blunders, will she be okay? Will
she develop up all right?

Panel 14: IMG_0567.jpg — singer with guitar and mic.

caption: Could the way she sings in the bathroom be a
sign that she’ll develop up to be a musician?

Panel 15: IMG_8976.JPG — A dancer.

caption: A dancer?

Panel 16: _HIK8727_014-two.jpg — model leaning over glass and handrail.

Panel 17: HIK_5078 raw edit.JPG — kabuki(?) performer on stage.

caption: Some kind of artist, surely.

Panel 18: HIK_1095.jpg — Ema, facing away from the camera.

caption: …Will she be pleased?

Panel 19: Huge, full-web page shot. HIK_5285.JPG — Mysterious portrait of Ema
in a hat and daisy dress at night, looking straight into the camera.

caption: …She isn’t even my daughter. I’ve only met
her once. Yet I currently love her so significantly it hurts. I
be concerned obtaining a kid of my own would *destroy* me.

End.

DSC_0375

Check out these china metal fabrication photos:

DSC_0375
china metal fabrication
Image by Governor Earl Ray Tomblin
Governor Tomblin, Division of Commerce

Celebrate West Virginia’s Prime Exporters

Governor recognizes 37 West Virginia exporters,

announces STEP grant funding

CHARLESTON, W.Va. (August 24, 2016) – Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin, along with West Virginia Department of Commerce Secretary Keith Burdette, on Wednesday, August 24, 2016, awarded the International Industry Entry Award to 37 companies from across the Mountain State. These awards honor West Virginia organizations that successfully exported to a new country. In 2015, West Virginia companies exported much more than .8 billion in items to much more than 140 nations.

During the award presentation, Gov. Tomblin also announced that West Virginia has been once once more chosen by the U.S. Small Enterprise Administration to get funding via the State Trade and Export Promotion (STEP) grant initiative. These funds will help the West Virginia Improvement Office’s export assistance system to support little firms offset the charges of international enterprise.

&quotToday we celebrate West Virginia companies that have established our state can compete effectively in the worldwide market place. Exports are a important tool for economic development,&quot Gov. Tomblin mentioned. &quotThese companies are an asset to our state as we continue to develop our company landscape and diversify West Virginia’s economy. I always appear forward to this opportunity to recognize their successes.&quot

The Governor’s Commendation for International Marketplace Entry Awards honor companies that have effectively exported to a new country in the preceding year. Each firm receives a framed piece of currency from each new country to which the enterprise began exporting. The presentation is primarily based on the tradition of displaying the initial dollar a organization earns.

Companies receiving the Governor’s Commendation for the first time this year are Probe America in Beckley, Mountain State Hardwoods in Bancroft, and Mountaineer Brand in Shepherdstown. In a special presentation, Wheeling Truck Center received its 100th export award. Considering that making their very first export sale in 2010, the company has exported to more than one hundred countries.

The West Virginia Development Office International Division helps little- to medium-sized West Virginia firms enter new foreign markets. For far more data on export development solutions supplied by the state, check out www.worldtradewv.org.

Commendations had been awarded nowadays to the following firms:

Berkeley County

Library Corporation, Inwood. Countries: Ethiopia and Madagascar. Solution: Automation software for libraries. Nations: Ethiopia and Madagascar.

Energy Sonix, Inc, Martinsburg. Country: Cote D’Ivoire. Product: Public address systems.

Brooke County

American Muscle Docks &amp Fabrication, Wellsburg. Countries: Mexico and Norway. Products: Boat docks, hardware, and marine accessories.

Eagle Manufacturing Organization, Wellsburg. Countries: Canada France Mexico and South Korea. Goods: Safety cabinets, security cans, spill containment, material handling.

United States Gypsum Firm, Weirton. Country: Jordan. Item: Constructing material – corner bead.

Cabell County

Steel of West Virginia, Inc., Huntington. Countries: India and Thailand. Item: Steel rolling mill.

Fayette County

The Robbins Organization, Fayetteville. Country: Albania. Solution: Conveyor gear.

Grant County

Allegheny Wood Items, Petersburg. Nation: Australia. Solution: Hardwood lumber.

Greenbrier County

Nearly Heaven Saunas, LLC, Renick. Nations: Costa Rica and Czech Republic. Items: Indoor and outside saunas.

American Foam Technologies, Inc., Maxwelton. Country: Netherlands. Product: Phenolic and urethane foam.

Appalachian Electronic Instruments, Ronceverte. Country: Brazil. Product: Textile top quality/ procedure manage gear.

Ezebreak, LLC, Frankford. Country: Norway. Item: Micro-Blaster kits and accessories.

Falcon Analytical Systems &amp Technology, LLC, Lewisburg. Nations: Brazil, Ireland and Russia. Solution: Gas chromatographs.

Hardy County

Peacock Manufacturing Co., LLC, Wardensville. Nation: Honduras. Product: Custom cabinetry manufacturing.

Harrison County

FMW Rubber Items, Inc., Bridgeport. Nation: Japan. Product: Ground expedient refueling program (GERS).

Jackson County

Constellium Rolled Products Ravenswood, LLC, Ravenswood. Country: South Africa. Items: Aluminum sheet, plate, coil products.

Niche Polymer, LLC, Ravenswood. Country: China. Product: Plastic compounding, extrusion.

Jefferson County

Mountaineer Brand, Shepherdstown. Nation: Sweden. Products: Organic beard and physique care goods.

Schonstedt Instrument Organization, Kearneysville. Nations: Dominica Mexico Panama Paraguay and Republic of Macedonia. Products: Underground utility locators.

Kanawha County

Cyclops Industries, Inc., South Charleston. Nation: Iraq. Product: Cyclops security sight glass.

NGK Spark Plugs (U.S.A.), Inc., Sissonville. Nations: China Germany Thailand and United Kingdom. Goods: Spark plugs, oxygen sensors.

Preiser Scientific, Inc., Charleston. Country: Nepal. Goods: Laboratory testing equipment for the coal industry.

Resolute Forest Products, Fairmont. Nations: Australia Italy Japan South Korea Spain and United Kingdom. Solution: Recycled bleach kraft pulp.

Marshall County

Tecnocap, LLC, Glen Dale. Nations: Brazil Mexico and Sri Lanka. Merchandise: Metal closures for packaging.

Monongalia County

Gurkees®, Morgantown. Countries: China Cyprus Finland Israel Poland Switzerland Taiwan and United Arab Emirates. Item: Rope sandals.

Z Electric Car, Westover. Nations: Indonesia and United Arab Emirates. Products: Electric autos, EV components.

Morgan County

Caperton Furniturworks, LLC, Berkeley Springs. Countries: Uganda and Vietnam. Product: Wooden furnishings.

Ohio County

Direct On the internet Marketing and advertising, Wheeling. Nations: Costa Rica and Germany. Items: Digital advertising search engine advertising and marketing.

TROY Group, Inc., Wheeling. Countries: Chad China Cyprus Dominican Republic El Salvador Ethiopia French Polynesia Hungary Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Malaysia Mozambique New Zealand Pakistan Panama Paraguay Spain Thailand and Turkey. Solution: Security printing options.

Wheeling Truck Center, Inc., Wheeling. Countries: Ethiopia Moldova Guatemala and Panama. Solution: Truck parts.

Putnam County

Kanawha Scales &amp Systems, Inc., Poca. Country: Australia. Solution: Coal train loadout.

Mountain State Hardwoods, Bancroft. Countries: China Egypt United Kingdom and Vietnam. Solution: Lumber.

Multicoat Items, Fraziers Bottom. Countries: Canada China Costa Rica Greece Japan Mexico and United Arab Emirates. Product: Construction coatings.

Raleigh County

American Airworks, Sophia. Nations: China Indonesia Lithuania Nigeria Panama Qatar Spain and Sweden. Goods: High stress breathing apparatus and compressed air components.

Cogar Manufacturing, Beckley. Country: Austria. Solution: Feeder breaker.

Englo, Inc. dba Engart, Inc., Beckley. Countries: Philippines, Thailand and Trinidad &amp Tobago. Product: Dust extraction.

Probe America, Inc., Beckley. Countries: Bahamas and Canada. Goods: Odor and dust handle goods.

Wood County

Baron-Blakeslee SFC, Inc., Williamstown. Countries: Costa Rica and Egypt. Product: Industrial cleaning systems.

Pictures offered for media use. All pictures ought to be attributed “Photo courtesy of Workplace of the Governor.”

Cool Metal Components China photos

Some cool metal components china images:

Thames Festival Finale Fireworks
metal parts china
Image by Dominic’s pics
Element of a Set / Virtual Firework Display Slideshow documenting the firework show that marked the end of the &quotthe mayor’s&quot Thames Festival in London on the evening of Sunday September 11th 2011.

The display was presented by Pains Fireworks.

A delay in the start off of the show from the scheduled time was attributed by the crowds to incompetence by &quotBumbling Boris&quot Johnson – the London Mayor – portion of the British patrician &quotlimited liability&quot ruling class. &quotI’m in charge, but if anything goes incorrect, somebody else will be sacked…&quot

Like the intense audio dynamic range of Taiko or Samba drumming, it is not really feasible to record the visual brilliance of fireworks with a camera. You have to knowledge firework displays reside, in individual. These photos have been taken at the slowest sensor speed (ISO 100), maximum aperture (to minimise diffraction &quotglare&quot effects) and with a variety of exposure times ranging from about .five to two seconds. The intense light brought on some &quotbleaching&quot of the paths of the lights, and so the colours have been enriched if Photoshop. (In retrospect I may possibly have utilised a slightly smaller sized aperture.)Additionally, the river and land areas have been selectively lightened in Photoshop. Fortuitously, a gentle breeze caused the smoke to drift eastwards, away from my vantage point on Waterloo Bridge, so the view of the fireworks was comparatively unobstructed by smoke.

Fireworks date from at least the 7th century in China. The colours are believed to have been conventional incandescent &quotblack body&quot bonfire colours: red, orange, yellow and white. (It is theoretically feasible to create pale blue just by heating, but this demands impracticably higher temperatures. It is not achievable to heat one thing to &quotgreen hot&quot or &quotpurple hot&quot.) It is believed that from about 1830 in Italy metal salts have been introduced to make a wider, richer hued, spectrum of colours by chemical luminescence. This strategy can be problematic, as it can be tough to develop stable, sensible, chemical compositions. It has been recommended that some shades of green are still challenging to accomplish.

See also:

Fireworks [Wikipedia]
Firework Colours [The chemistry of Fireworks by Reema Gondhia, Imperial College]
History of fireworks [Pyro Universe]

15. spectacled_old_negro_woman_Sojourner_Truth_wikipedia

A few nice stamping parts china images I found:

15. spectacled_old_negro_woman_Sojourner_Truth_wikipedia
stamping parts china
Image by Jim Surkamp
Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s Part 2
youtu.be/sKyR3ZLv55I TRT: 8:16

civilwarscholars.com/?p=11948 2436 words

This is taken from one of six essays written for Sewanee Review from 1913 to 1915 by Ambrose Robert Hite Ranson (1831-1919) about his growing up years living at his family home, Gap View, and his experiences during the Civil War as a Confederate officer. His observations are very informative about daily life pre-war amid unacceptable observations condoning the enslavement of other human beings. His account is still important in its rendering of daily work on a farm in the 1840s and 1850s in Jefferson County, Virginia, one of the most agricultural counties in the Virginias. These conditions were substantially different in the northern Shenandoah Valley when compared to the brutal monocultures in the deep South. Enslavement in Jefferson County, based on writings of those – white and black – who lived here then – was one of diverse work, the pervasive fear of being sold south, pockets of profound cruelty, and the tantalizing nearness of the option of escaping to freedom.

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System, providing an affordable, quality, online education. The views and interpretations in any videos here and at civilwarscholars.com do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of American Public University System, and are intended to encourage learning and discussion. More at apus.edu

REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR BY A
CONFEDERATE STAFF OFFICER* 8058 words

(FIRST PAPER)

Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War Part 2

1. There_was_a_wedding_Bedington
There was a wedding in our neighborhood at Bedington, the home of the Bedingers, and my

2. sister_was_bridesmaid_Strother_WVU
3. to_her_cousin_Fannie_Davenport_wvhistoryonview
sister was bridesmaid to her cousin. In those days a house party was arranged in much more simple fashion than now. The houses had few rooms, but generally very large ones, and all the bridesmaids were quartered in one room. At this wedding there was a girl from Hoboken,

4. a_Miss_Sevens_Judy_James_Ware
a Miss Stevens, of the wealthy family of that name.

When my sister returned home she did not unpack her trunk until late at night. My father was sitting up reading, when she entered the room in great distress, holding in her hands Miss Stevens’s jewel-case, containing such jewels as we had never seen before. It was

5. midnight_and_very_cold
midnight and very cold, and a heavy snow was falling.

6. Frank_his_trusted_servant_Strother_WVU
My father sent for Frank, his trusted servant, and giving the case into his hands and telling him it was worth more than all he owned, ordered him to get a horse and ride to Bedington four miles distant and give the case into the hands of Miss Stevens, and no one else. Frank made the ride that stormy night and compelled the lady to come down in her night clothes and receive the jewel-case and write a letter of acknowledgement. Some careless maid had packed Miss Steven’s jewels in my sister’s trunk.

7. Before_the_railroad_Map_Maryland_1831
Before the railroad was built, Frank drove the wagon of flour to Baltimore, and, even after the railroad was built, still Frank went every year before Christmas to Baltimore

8. load_of_flour_Currier_Ives
with a load of flour, bringing back a load which made everybody, white and black, happy at that festival.

9. arrived_after_dark_Strother_Feb_1855_P_300
He generally arrived after dark, and the big canopied wagon was driven to the front door and left there during the night, the six great smoking horses having been led away to the stable. After supper the wagon was unloaded and the treasures revealed to us, the children.

In those days the factor, or commission merchant, had duties which are unknown now. When he sold the flour he filled orders for every conceivable want of the family. I met an old factor, after I came to Baltimore to live, who told me he had, with the assistance of his

10. entire_trousseau_of_many_a_bride_Metropolitan_Museum
wife, bought and had made up the entire trousseau of many a bride, besides outfits for the entire families of his friends in the country. The reader can imagine what an event Frank’s arrival with his wagon was to us. I have now a handsome service of china which was brought from Baltimore on Frank’s wagon. One Christmas observance the negroes had which was very peculiar.

11. when_the_hogs_were_killed_wikipedia
When the hogs were killed in December they preserved the bladders and, inflating them and tying the necks tightly to retain the air, they hung them up to dry, and on Christmas morning, while the stars were shining, they laid them on the frozen ground under the windows of the

12. and_exploded_them_by_stamping_on_them_Harpers_Aug_1872_P_350
white folks and exploded them by stamping on them, thus awakening the family and saluting them on the arrival of the great festival.

13. one_of_the_songs_Ox_Cart_Van_Gogh
I remember part of one of the songs which the ox-driver sang in a slow monotone, sitting on the pole of the ox-cart, and keeping time to the slow, swinging steps of the oxen: "See the bull go to school, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the bull go to school, hooie booie John. See the bull go to school, with his book on his horn, And that is the last of old blind John. See the cow build the mill, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the cow build the mill, hooie booie John. See the cow build the mill, water runnin’ up the hill, An that is the last of old blind John.” The verses were endless and seem to have been extemporized as he drove along.

14. The_masters_part_was_not_difficult_Harpers_August_1856_P_317
The master’s part was not difficult. He was kind because kindness paid him well. He took care of his slave because it was money in his pocket to do so, and money out of his pocket if he did not. Of course, there were other and higher motives in individuals, but we must look for a motive for the multitude. That the negro was better housed, better fed, better clothed, and better looked after in sickness than now, was simply because the owner had money at stake. He had warm clothing, plenty of wholesome food, and a good doctor when ill, because of that money.

In September the cloth and yarn for his winter clothing were brought home from the factory, and the work of making up began and was only finished at Christmas. In every household there was a woman who could cut out the garments, and all the younger girls had been taught how to sew and knit. During the year, all the girls, in clean frocks, assembled in some room in the great house every morning, and the class of sewers and knitters was presided over by some

15. spectacled_old_negro_woman_Sojourner_Truth_wikipedia
spectacled old negro woman, whose word was law to them. The work of making up the clothing and knitting yarn socks went on under her supervision, and at Christmas every man and woman on the place appeared in new clothes and new shoes and warm woolen stockings. Every man had an

16. overcoat_every_four_years_Strother_WVu_Stephen
overcoat every four years, and a flannel jacket, called by them a ’warmus’, to wear under his waistcoat in cold weather.

17. tobacco_was_issued_Dunhill
18. when_a_boy_I_loved_to_be_the_distributer_Srother_WVU_boy_smoking
His tobacco was issued to him once a week, and when a boy I loved to be the distributer. Sometimes it was bought in kegs of about 100 pounds, and was called ‘black-strap’, and one

19. Some_of_them_chewed_it_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_405
20. smoked_it_in_their_corncob_pipes_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_448
strap, sometimes two, was the ration. Some of them chewed it and some of them smoked it in their corncob pipes, when tobacco was raised from the virgin soil. Every year a farmer would clear a small patch of ground, sufficient for the wants of his farm, and plant it in tobacco. The fragrance of the negro’s corncob pipe was notorious, and was due to the fact that no fertilizer had been used in growing his tobacco.

21. smoke

References:

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), pp. 428-447.

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review.
Internet Archives. archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.

2. sister_was_bridesmaid_Strother_WVU_Georgianna_Hite_Ranson_Washington
stamping parts china
Image by Jim Surkamp
Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s Part 2
youtu.be/sKyR3ZLv55I TRT: 8:16

civilwarscholars.com/?p=11948 2436 words

This is taken from one of six essays written for Sewanee Review from 1913 to 1915 by Ambrose Robert Hite Ranson (1831-1919) about his growing up years living at his family home, Gap View, and his experiences during the Civil War as a Confederate officer. His observations are very informative about daily life pre-war amid unacceptable observations condoning the enslavement of other human beings. His account is still important in its rendering of daily work on a farm in the 1840s and 1850s in Jefferson County, Virginia, one of the most agricultural counties in the Virginias. These conditions were substantially different in the northern Shenandoah Valley when compared to the brutal monocultures in the deep South. Enslavement in Jefferson County, based on writings of those – white and black – who lived here then – was one of diverse work, the pervasive fear of being sold south, pockets of profound cruelty, and the tantalizing nearness of the option of escaping to freedom.

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System, providing an affordable, quality, online education. The views and interpretations in any videos here and at civilwarscholars.com do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of American Public University System, and are intended to encourage learning and discussion. More at apus.edu

REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR BY A
CONFEDERATE STAFF OFFICER* 8058 words

(FIRST PAPER)

Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War Part 2

1. There_was_a_wedding_Bedington
There was a wedding in our neighborhood at Bedington, the home of the Bedingers, and my

2. sister_was_bridesmaid_Strother_WVU
3. to_her_cousin_Fannie_Davenport_wvhistoryonview
sister was bridesmaid to her cousin. In those days a house party was arranged in much more simple fashion than now. The houses had few rooms, but generally very large ones, and all the bridesmaids were quartered in one room. At this wedding there was a girl from Hoboken,

4. a_Miss_Sevens_Judy_James_Ware
a Miss Stevens, of the wealthy family of that name.

When my sister returned home she did not unpack her trunk until late at night. My father was sitting up reading, when she entered the room in great distress, holding in her hands Miss Stevens’s jewel-case, containing such jewels as we had never seen before. It was

5. midnight_and_very_cold
midnight and very cold, and a heavy snow was falling.

6. Frank_his_trusted_servant_Strother_WVU
My father sent for Frank, his trusted servant, and giving the case into his hands and telling him it was worth more than all he owned, ordered him to get a horse and ride to Bedington four miles distant and give the case into the hands of Miss Stevens, and no one else. Frank made the ride that stormy night and compelled the lady to come down in her night clothes and receive the jewel-case and write a letter of acknowledgement. Some careless maid had packed Miss Steven’s jewels in my sister’s trunk.

7. Before_the_railroad_Map_Maryland_1831
Before the railroad was built, Frank drove the wagon of flour to Baltimore, and, even after the railroad was built, still Frank went every year before Christmas to Baltimore

8. load_of_flour_Currier_Ives
with a load of flour, bringing back a load which made everybody, white and black, happy at that festival.

9. arrived_after_dark_Strother_Feb_1855_P_300
He generally arrived after dark, and the big canopied wagon was driven to the front door and left there during the night, the six great smoking horses having been led away to the stable. After supper the wagon was unloaded and the treasures revealed to us, the children.

In those days the factor, or commission merchant, had duties which are unknown now. When he sold the flour he filled orders for every conceivable want of the family. I met an old factor, after I came to Baltimore to live, who told me he had, with the assistance of his

10. entire_trousseau_of_many_a_bride_Metropolitan_Museum
wife, bought and had made up the entire trousseau of many a bride, besides outfits for the entire families of his friends in the country. The reader can imagine what an event Frank’s arrival with his wagon was to us. I have now a handsome service of china which was brought from Baltimore on Frank’s wagon. One Christmas observance the negroes had which was very peculiar.

11. when_the_hogs_were_killed_wikipedia
When the hogs were killed in December they preserved the bladders and, inflating them and tying the necks tightly to retain the air, they hung them up to dry, and on Christmas morning, while the stars were shining, they laid them on the frozen ground under the windows of the

12. and_exploded_them_by_stamping_on_them_Harpers_Aug_1872_P_350
white folks and exploded them by stamping on them, thus awakening the family and saluting them on the arrival of the great festival.

13. one_of_the_songs_Ox_Cart_Van_Gogh
I remember part of one of the songs which the ox-driver sang in a slow monotone, sitting on the pole of the ox-cart, and keeping time to the slow, swinging steps of the oxen: "See the bull go to school, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the bull go to school, hooie booie John. See the bull go to school, with his book on his horn, And that is the last of old blind John. See the cow build the mill, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the cow build the mill, hooie booie John. See the cow build the mill, water runnin’ up the hill, An that is the last of old blind John.” The verses were endless and seem to have been extemporized as he drove along.

14. The_masters_part_was_not_difficult_Harpers_August_1856_P_317
The master’s part was not difficult. He was kind because kindness paid him well. He took care of his slave because it was money in his pocket to do so, and money out of his pocket if he did not. Of course, there were other and higher motives in individuals, but we must look for a motive for the multitude. That the negro was better housed, better fed, better clothed, and better looked after in sickness than now, was simply because the owner had money at stake. He had warm clothing, plenty of wholesome food, and a good doctor when ill, because of that money.

In September the cloth and yarn for his winter clothing were brought home from the factory, and the work of making up began and was only finished at Christmas. In every household there was a woman who could cut out the garments, and all the younger girls had been taught how to sew and knit. During the year, all the girls, in clean frocks, assembled in some room in the great house every morning, and the class of sewers and knitters was presided over by some

15. spectacled_old_negro_woman_Sojourner_Truth_wikipedia
spectacled old negro woman, whose word was law to them. The work of making up the clothing and knitting yarn socks went on under her supervision, and at Christmas every man and woman on the place appeared in new clothes and new shoes and warm woolen stockings. Every man had an

16. overcoat_every_four_years_Strother_WVu_Stephen
overcoat every four years, and a flannel jacket, called by them a ’warmus’, to wear under his waistcoat in cold weather.

17. tobacco_was_issued_Dunhill
18. when_a_boy_I_loved_to_be_the_distributer_Srother_WVU_boy_smoking
His tobacco was issued to him once a week, and when a boy I loved to be the distributer. Sometimes it was bought in kegs of about 100 pounds, and was called ‘black-strap’, and one

19. Some_of_them_chewed_it_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_405
20. smoked_it_in_their_corncob_pipes_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_448
strap, sometimes two, was the ration. Some of them chewed it and some of them smoked it in their corncob pipes, when tobacco was raised from the virgin soil. Every year a farmer would clear a small patch of ground, sufficient for the wants of his farm, and plant it in tobacco. The fragrance of the negro’s corncob pipe was notorious, and was due to the fact that no fertilizer had been used in growing his tobacco.

21. smoke

References:

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), pp. 428-447.

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review.
Internet Archives. archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.

585px-Delft_plate_faience_Famille_Rose_1760_1780
stamping parts china
Image by Jim Surkamp
Ambrose Ranson Remembers Jefferson County in the 1840s & 1850s Part 2
youtu.be/sKyR3ZLv55I TRT: 8:16

civilwarscholars.com/?p=11948 2436 words

This is taken from one of six essays written for Sewanee Review from 1913 to 1915 by Ambrose Robert Hite Ranson (1831-1919) about his growing up years living at his family home, Gap View, and his experiences during the Civil War as a Confederate officer. His observations are very informative about daily life pre-war amid unacceptable observations condoning the enslavement of other human beings. His account is still important in its rendering of daily work on a farm in the 1840s and 1850s in Jefferson County, Virginia, one of the most agricultural counties in the Virginias. These conditions were substantially different in the northern Shenandoah Valley when compared to the brutal monocultures in the deep South. Enslavement in Jefferson County, based on writings of those – white and black – who lived here then – was one of diverse work, the pervasive fear of being sold south, pockets of profound cruelty, and the tantalizing nearness of the option of escaping to freedom.

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System, providing an affordable, quality, online education. The views and interpretations in any videos here and at civilwarscholars.com do not in any way reflect modern-day policies of American Public University System, and are intended to encourage learning and discussion. More at apus.edu

REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR BY A
CONFEDERATE STAFF OFFICER* 8058 words

(FIRST PAPER)

Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War Part 2

1. There_was_a_wedding_Bedington
There was a wedding in our neighborhood at Bedington, the home of the Bedingers, and my

2. sister_was_bridesmaid_Strother_WVU
3. to_her_cousin_Fannie_Davenport_wvhistoryonview
sister was bridesmaid to her cousin. In those days a house party was arranged in much more simple fashion than now. The houses had few rooms, but generally very large ones, and all the bridesmaids were quartered in one room. At this wedding there was a girl from Hoboken,

4. a_Miss_Sevens_Judy_James_Ware
a Miss Stevens, of the wealthy family of that name.

When my sister returned home she did not unpack her trunk until late at night. My father was sitting up reading, when she entered the room in great distress, holding in her hands Miss Stevens’s jewel-case, containing such jewels as we had never seen before. It was

5. midnight_and_very_cold
midnight and very cold, and a heavy snow was falling.

6. Frank_his_trusted_servant_Strother_WVU
My father sent for Frank, his trusted servant, and giving the case into his hands and telling him it was worth more than all he owned, ordered him to get a horse and ride to Bedington four miles distant and give the case into the hands of Miss Stevens, and no one else. Frank made the ride that stormy night and compelled the lady to come down in her night clothes and receive the jewel-case and write a letter of acknowledgement. Some careless maid had packed Miss Steven’s jewels in my sister’s trunk.

7. Before_the_railroad_Map_Maryland_1831
Before the railroad was built, Frank drove the wagon of flour to Baltimore, and, even after the railroad was built, still Frank went every year before Christmas to Baltimore

8. load_of_flour_Currier_Ives
with a load of flour, bringing back a load which made everybody, white and black, happy at that festival.

9. arrived_after_dark_Strother_Feb_1855_P_300
He generally arrived after dark, and the big canopied wagon was driven to the front door and left there during the night, the six great smoking horses having been led away to the stable. After supper the wagon was unloaded and the treasures revealed to us, the children.

In those days the factor, or commission merchant, had duties which are unknown now. When he sold the flour he filled orders for every conceivable want of the family. I met an old factor, after I came to Baltimore to live, who told me he had, with the assistance of his

10. entire_trousseau_of_many_a_bride_Metropolitan_Museum
wife, bought and had made up the entire trousseau of many a bride, besides outfits for the entire families of his friends in the country. The reader can imagine what an event Frank’s arrival with his wagon was to us. I have now a handsome service of china which was brought from Baltimore on Frank’s wagon. One Christmas observance the negroes had which was very peculiar.

11. when_the_hogs_were_killed_wikipedia
When the hogs were killed in December they preserved the bladders and, inflating them and tying the necks tightly to retain the air, they hung them up to dry, and on Christmas morning, while the stars were shining, they laid them on the frozen ground under the windows of the

12. and_exploded_them_by_stamping_on_them_Harpers_Aug_1872_P_350
white folks and exploded them by stamping on them, thus awakening the family and saluting them on the arrival of the great festival.

13. one_of_the_songs_Ox_Cart_Van_Gogh
I remember part of one of the songs which the ox-driver sang in a slow monotone, sitting on the pole of the ox-cart, and keeping time to the slow, swinging steps of the oxen: "See the bull go to school, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the bull go to school, hooie booie John. See the bull go to school, with his book on his horn, And that is the last of old blind John. See the cow build the mill, hooie booie, hooie booie, See the cow build the mill, hooie booie John. See the cow build the mill, water runnin’ up the hill, An that is the last of old blind John.” The verses were endless and seem to have been extemporized as he drove along.

14. The_masters_part_was_not_difficult_Harpers_August_1856_P_317
The master’s part was not difficult. He was kind because kindness paid him well. He took care of his slave because it was money in his pocket to do so, and money out of his pocket if he did not. Of course, there were other and higher motives in individuals, but we must look for a motive for the multitude. That the negro was better housed, better fed, better clothed, and better looked after in sickness than now, was simply because the owner had money at stake. He had warm clothing, plenty of wholesome food, and a good doctor when ill, because of that money.

In September the cloth and yarn for his winter clothing were brought home from the factory, and the work of making up began and was only finished at Christmas. In every household there was a woman who could cut out the garments, and all the younger girls had been taught how to sew and knit. During the year, all the girls, in clean frocks, assembled in some room in the great house every morning, and the class of sewers and knitters was presided over by some

15. spectacled_old_negro_woman_Sojourner_Truth_wikipedia
spectacled old negro woman, whose word was law to them. The work of making up the clothing and knitting yarn socks went on under her supervision, and at Christmas every man and woman on the place appeared in new clothes and new shoes and warm woolen stockings. Every man had an

16. overcoat_every_four_years_Strother_WVu_Stephen
overcoat every four years, and a flannel jacket, called by them a ’warmus’, to wear under his waistcoat in cold weather.

17. tobacco_was_issued_Dunhill
18. when_a_boy_I_loved_to_be_the_distributer_Srother_WVU_boy_smoking
His tobacco was issued to him once a week, and when a boy I loved to be the distributer. Sometimes it was bought in kegs of about 100 pounds, and was called ‘black-strap’, and one

19. Some_of_them_chewed_it_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_405
20. smoked_it_in_their_corncob_pipes_Kennedy_Swallow_Barn_P_448
strap, sometimes two, was the ration. Some of them chewed it and some of them smoked it in their corncob pipes, when tobacco was raised from the virgin soil. Every year a farmer would clear a small patch of ground, sufficient for the wants of his farm, and plant it in tobacco. The fragrance of the negro’s corncob pipe was notorious, and was due to the fact that no fertilizer had been used in growing his tobacco.

21. smoke

References:

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review. Vol. 21, No. (4 Oct. 1913), pp. 428-447.

Ranson, A. R. H. “Reminiscences of a Civil War Staff Officer By A Confederate Staff Officer, First Paper: Plantation Life in Virginia Before the War.” The Sewanee Review.
Internet Archives. archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 20 January 2014.

Latest Milling Engineering News

Hagen – Freilichtmuseum Hagen – Deutsches Schmiedemuseum
milling engineering
Image by Daniel Mennerich (subsequent stop Hà Nội)
The Hagen Open-air Museum (LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen – Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Handwerk und Technik English: &quotLWL Open-air Museum Hagen – Westphalian State Museum for Craft and Technics&quot) is a museum at Hagen in the southeastern Ruhr location, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was founded, together with the Detmold Open-air Museum, in 1960, and was first opened to the public in the early 1970s. The museum is run by the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (LWL, regional authority for Westphalia and Lippe within North Rhine-Westphalia). It lies in the Hagen neighbourhood of Selbecke south of Eilpe in the Mäckingerbach valley.

The open-air museum brings a bit of skilled-trade history into the present, and it requires a hands-on strategy. On its grounds stretching for about 42 ha, not only are urban and rural trades merely &quotdisplayed&quot along with their workshops and tools, but in a lot more than twenty of the almost sixty rebuilt workshops, they are nevertheless practised, and interested guests can, occasionally by themselves, take component in the production.

As early as the 1920s, there were efforts by a group of engineers and historical preservationists to preserve technological monuments for posterity. The initiator, Wilhelm Claas, even suggested the Mäckingerbach valley as a great spot for a museum to that end. The narrow valley was selected, as wind, water and wood had been the three most essential location aspects for business in the 18th and 19th centuries.

In 1960, the Westphalian Open-Air Museum was founded, and thirteen years later, the gates opened to the public. As opposed to most open-air museums, which show daily life on the farm or in the country as it was in days gone by, the Hagen Open-Air Museum puts the history of these activities in Westphalia in the fore. From the late 18th century by way of the early years of the Industrial Revolution to the extremely industrialized society emerging in the early 20th century, the visitor can encounter the development of these trades and the industry in the region.

Crafts and trades demonstrated at the Westphalian Open-Air Museum include ropemaking, smithing, brewing, baking, tanning, printing, milling, papermaking, and a lot far more. A favourite attraction is the triphammer workshop shown in the image above. After the hammer is engaged, a craftsman goes to operate noisily forging a scythe, passing it amongst the hammer and the anvil underneath in a approach known as peening.

The Hagen Westphalian Open-Air Museum is open from March or April until October.

ERP for Project Engineering Companies

Buoyed by the quick-expanding economy, Engineering Services and Project Consulting organizations across sub-segments like Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics, Construction, Architectural is experiencing unprecedented business opportunities. Even so, these possibilities could be missed if a business does not have the appropriate systems to accommodate advanced project management, accurate financial reporting, and expanding buyer/vendor demands for true-time data exchanges.

The goal of ERP is to assistance 1 time entry of info at the point exactly where it is designed and to make it available to all the participants inside the organization. The engineering market is a very fragmented industry. It wants to communicate on a huge scale with other related organizations such as material and equipment suppliers, vendors, subcontractors and clients. ERP systems are getting employed by firms to improve responsiveness in relation to customers, strengthen supply chain partnerships, improve organizational flexibility, improve choice creating capabilities and decrease project completion time and decrease charges. These details systems are designed to integrate and partially automate several of the company’s business processes such as human resources, economic management, manufacturing, procurement, construction, operations and maintenance.

These organizations execute a wide range of projects across business verticals which make it essential for them to adopt best practices. The project engineering organizations face challenges related to project and material management. With every new project that is won by project engineering firms, post analysis and requirement scoping, a detailed design and element choice is undertaken. A Bill of materials is then developed which goes to the acquire division wherein it has to be logged in against the specific project. In such a complicated situation there is a major challenge in material management, tracking and preparing. Also since there are various expenses to be incorporated into the project billing, such as material expense, time price of man-hours spent by personnel from multiple departments. The billing process is also fairly complex as invoices need to be raised at any phase of the project.

Crucial Features

Price range and Actual for material, labour, revenue and other costs is essential and require strong material management. The Project Job Costing module of ERP enables organizations to do effective material management, keep inventory costs below manage and streamline material procurement approach.
ERP expense tracking capabilities ensures accurate tracking of different expense elements relating to folks, material and travel. Given that it automatically tracks the project expense throughout its life cycle, it makes it possible for the managers to keep track of project profitability at all occasions.
Tight integration of the Project and Job Costing system with finance and buy functions advantage to evade duplication of entries and guarantees accuracy of information.
Also the automated billing functions in the job price accounting software
Streamlines customer invoicing so that there are no leakages in the billing.

Project Engineering businesses in particular rely on robust processes, supported by specialized technologies, to define scope and handle projects from initial bid to project completion. To handle buyer expectations for projects—including time, supplies, and labor—engineering organizations require to optimize operational processes. A robust ERP answer enables you to streamline processes give all project stakeholders deep visibility into centralized, genuine-time details and fuel collaboration that leads to winning results.

Author on various topics for softwares, saas softwares and cloud computing for SMEs, For more info on ERP please check out ERP Solutions

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